Poverty and Social Impact Analysis (PSIA)

Poverty and Social Impact Analysis (PSIA) study is an ex-ante assessment of poverty and social impacts of reforms pertaining to water and sanitation, solid waste management, housing, and urban transport in five large cities of Punjab, with population over one million each, namely, Faisalabad, Gujranwala, Lahore, Multan and Rawalpindi.  The study, supported by the World Bank, comprises (i) literature review, (ii) household survey based on geographically representative sample, (iii) qualitative research in the form of case studies on water and sanitation, solid waste management, housing, and urban transport services, (iv) analysis of existing mechanism to protect the poor and vulnerable, and (v) a set of recommendations for the development of policy framework for making the five large sampled cities more livable and economically vibrant; to fill knowledge gaps in existing analytical work on poverty in Pakistan and Punjab and; for monitoring and evaluation of Development Policy Loan reforms

The household survey was based on geographically representative sample of 11000 households selected from the household listing of 550 enumeration blocks through stratified random sampling in the five cities.  The qualitative research was based on 13 expert interviews, 10 FGDs with group of households and 38 household in-depth interviews in the five urban service areas in the five cities.


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